It is a common fact that the human population on Earth is enormous: over 7 billion people inhabiting a relatively small planet. Aside from many other conundrums stemming from overpopulation stands a question of food supplies. Those who reside in agricultural regions with a low density of population have a possibility to eat natural products that they grow on their own, or which at least contain little or no artificial nutrients. However, the situation is different in the industrial and developed regions, where food is often produced with the use of various kinds of preservatives, chemicals, nutrients, and other external ingredients, which can cause harm to the body. Organic food can be seen as a better alternative, since it is more natural.
Organic foods are believed to be safer than conventional ones, and it has natural origins, which makes it a reasonable choice. According to the requirements of the British Soil Association, organic food should consist of at least 95% natural ingredients (Soil Association). “Natural” means the ingredients should come from the plants and animals grown or bred without any chemicals or artificial nutrients. In the United States, there also exists strict requirements for the products labeled as organic: the U.S. Department of Agriculture has enabled a special certification program that requires organic food to meet specific standards.
In correlation to this, customers should pay attention to the labeling on the packaging of food products. If it says 100% organic, this means the product has been manufactured without the use of any chemicals or artificial additives; simply organic means the product consists of 95% natural ingredients (MayoClinic). Returning to the standards of organic nutrition, organic food cannot contain, in particular, such ingredients as synthetic fertilizers or pesticides; genetically engineered organisms; raw manures cannot be used to fertilize fields as well, because of its potential contamination (Canadian Living). The other 5% of ingredients are allowed as they are not available in organic form, and for non-food ingredients (such as salt, water, and a restricted number of additives like iron or thiamine).
Organic food is known to be healthier than conventional food. According to recent research in the United States, organic food contains an average of 63% more calcium, 73% more iron, 125% more potassium, and 60% more zinc compared to conventional food products. This is not to mention the fact that common food is about 25% more toxic than the food produced from natural components (Canadian Living). Besides, many people claim it tastes better than other products.
Organic products—not only food, but also textiles and cosmetics—are becoming more popular among people globally. Though the price of organic products is often higher than regular ones, its safety, healthiness, and natural origins fully compensate for this disadvantage.
“Facts About Organic Food.” Soil Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.soilassociation.org/whatisorganic/organicfood>.
“5 Organic Food Facts.” Canadian Living. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.canadianliving.com/food/cooking_school/5_organic_food_facts.php>.
“Organic Foods: Are They Safer? More Nutritious?” Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 07 Sept. 2012. Web. 27 Sept. 2013. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/organic-food/NU00255>.
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Writing an Expository Essay
When you go to the supermarket, what type of food do you buy? Organic food or non-organic food? Maybe you buy some of both? However, when it comes to price, health and environmental protection, there are significant differences between these two types of food. Then you can decide which is best for you. First, price is usually the very essential factor considered by a consumer. We all know that most organic food is more expensive than conventional food.
Take milk for example, usually milk certified as hormone and antibiotic-free in a supermarket costs twice than grocery milk. “Higher prices of organic food are due to more expensive farming practices, tighter government regulations and lower crop yields” (“Organic vs Non-organic Foods”, n.d.). In contrast, although non-organic food is cheaper, it “contains many hidden cost like taxes and the cost of the treatment for the harm caused to the environment by conventional farming” (Pragya， 2011).
Second, while buying food some consumers consider price first, but other consumers care more about health. “As animals are given antibiotics in conventional farming, human body, when sick does not accept the same antibiotics, thus reducing the body’s immunity in the long run” (Pragya, 2011). Besides, conventional growers use pesticides to protect their crops from molds, insects, and diseases, which is harmful to humans and especially harmful to women and children’s health. Compared to it, in organic farming animals are given organic feed and can get access to the outdoors in order to help minimize disease (“Organic vs Non-organic Foods”, n.d.). Moreover, pesticides are not allowed in organic farming. Thus, organic food is obviously safer and healthier. Third, as above-mentioned, using pesticides in conventional farming is harmful to our health, but it is also harmful to our environment. Use of these chemicals containing toxic substances has resulted less number of wild animals and plants on the farmland. At the same time the quality of soil becomes worse because of the use of too much chemical fertilizer. On the contrary, “organic farming uses crop rotation to prevent pests, by creating a more diverse ecological system to naturally grow the pest’s predators, for increasing the quality of soil, natural manure and composting is done.
Thus, the benefits of organic farming and more long term and benefit in fighting problems like degradation of the environment (Pragya, 2011). In short, both organic and non-organic food consumers have many different points of views. All in all, non-organic food is cheaper, but leads to an uncertainty in health and does harm to the environment. Even though the relation is not quite proven, organic food is definitely be safer and healthier. Whether or not to buy organic or non-organic food fully depends on your lifestyle and what you are concerned about.