The concept of kaladua would also explain the violent nationalism of the ancient Kapampangans. For them, man and his Indûng Tibuan, the land of his birth, are one and the same. Their souls are linked together intimately. They are twins. They are kaladua. Without the other, man dies a bitter death ‑ the death of a foreigner in his own native land.
THE CULT OF RESPECT
Although death maybe the ultimate way to become a god, the ancients believed in humans who are more or less godlike, those who are nuan, “those who are overflowing with nû“. Kapampangans then believed that man is more or less nuan and must be respected accordingly. Aside from the elderly, those considered nuan by the ancients were the bayanî (warrior) who never lost a battle, the upright dátû, the powerful katulunan(seers) and mamalian (mediums), and members of the mapiâ or ancient nobility.
The way to show one’s respect is often through pamanyiklaud. This is done by kneeling on the ground and then pressing the kanuan, the forehead which is “the seat of nû“, on the pigalanggalangan or wrist of the one being offered respect. One’s rank is often times reflected by the galang or wristband one wears. If the one being respected is at a certain distance physically or in rank, one’s kanuan is pressed on the ground instead of the person’s wrist.
Fray Juan de Plasencia, a Spanish priest observing the legal practices of the ancient Kapampangans at the beginning of the Spanish era, was quite intrigued at why the ancient ones treated insult as the worst possible crime ever, and why it was often times repaid with death. If he took the time to understand the concept of nû, he would have understood that discourtesy then was not a mere question of forgetting one’s manners but was rather a question of sacrilege.
KAPAMPANGANISM VS CHRISTIANITY
Religion is cultural. Culture is a collective expression of man’s ongoing relationship with his environment. When a religion is introduced, it naturally brings with it the culture from whence it came. There is no religion that could be totally abstracted from the culture it sprang from.
Christianity, which ultimately has its roots in Judaism, is a religion born of the desert. In the desert, the earth is death. Nothing grows from it but vipers and scorpions. So for the desert culture, the earth is evil. The intolerant desert soil would also account for the intolerant attitude of most desert cultures as expressed in their religions. In the desert, total and almost blind obedience to the head of the community is a matter of life and death, for he alone knows the trail to all the oases. To disobey is to be driven out into the harsh wilderness. Much like being excommunicated or being sent to hell. To stray away from the path is to end up dead in the hot desert sands.
Life in the desert comes in the form of rain. For the desert people, good could only come from the heavens. If there is a god, then god must come from heaven. The heaven sends thunder and lightning. The heaven rumbles like a man. So god for the desert people must be male. For them, god is a father in heaven, for like a father, he too remains distant from his children even though he provides for them.
The environment of Indûng Kapampangan are in total contrast to the desert environment. Naturally, the culture and belief system of the people here is in total contrast with the culture and religions born of the desert.
Put in as much info as you can into the culture essays that you write
When you mention the word ‘culture’ it refers to a particular way of life in an area or country. Today, however, the meaning and import has expanded to include quite a few other aspects such as the heritage, cultural activities and language-related issues too. In spite of having a rough idea of what culture is; we still keep questioning ourselves and others on what the components of culture actually are. This is the question each and every one of us asks ourselves and others every practical day in some form or the other. Therefore, writing a culture essay could be challenging and interesting too.
Culture can be basically defined as anybody’s beliefs. Now when you have to write an essay on culture it is important that you don’t hurt anyone’s sentiments or feelings. You have to be particularly careful when you write about a certain sect of people. There are some rules and rubrics to keep in mind when you do your culture essays. Masterpapers.com offers you the best help that you require in matters such as these.
Since culture is a very open and extensive field, it is difficult to zone in on the right culture essay topics. Take our help to select a good topic. You could go through some of these to get an idea of a good topic for your essay. Given below are some topics and the questions/prompts that you could base your culture essay on.
Culture and the modern man
1/- How does culture affect us?
2/- In this world of fast developing technology and impatient people, do we really have the time and the inclination to be culturally sensitive?
3/- Are our actions, thoughts and words governed by what we believe in culturally?
4/- Are we swayed by all that is modern and hence do away with traditional values and culture?
Culture and tradition – do tribal communities keep this intact?
1/- Description of a tribal community, its cultural traditions and practices
2/- External influences that tend to wipe out those practices and replace them with impersonal modern activities
3/- The plan of action that can be put into operation to preserve and retain traditions
4/- Is there any value added to the lives of a tribal community, because traditional practices are sustained?
5/- Do tribal folk become mere showpieces to the rest of the world?
The art and cultural scene in present day USA
1/- America is a melting pot of cultures, since there are people from various countries who have settled down there many generations ago
2/- The development and growth of various arts in the US
3/- What are the factors that have influenced artists, dancers and musicians in the USA in the last couple of years
4/- Does the present cultural scene present any kind of connection with the ethnic origin of the various artistes?
5/- Does the melting and merging of cultures continue in America even today? If so – how?
Get some more topics from us when you have culture essays to write. Our ideas are refreshing and different from the usual rehashed ones that you see around you.
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